Beef Cattle :
Cattle are the most well known kind of large domesticated animals. Beef Cattle may be Bulls, Oxen, Cows, Bullocks, Calves, Steers or Heifers. Beef is basically the meat of adult cattle. For the meat production, beef cattle are raised.
They are the breed of a young bull Blonde d’Aquitaine.
Raising beef cattle to earn profit can be a satisfying enterprise. However, to become successful in such enterprise, the beef cattle producer is required to possess several management skills. Land, Labor, Capital, Feed and Management are the different resources of a beef cattle enterprise.
Apart from selling meat, one can also earn through selling the calves at their weaving time or at about 8 months old. A heifer should be kept by a farmer every year to give it the place of an old cow.
An old cow can be sold when the heifers are ready to bear calves. The price of a weaner heifer is approximately the same as for an old culled cow of about 160 kg in weight.
For this method, the rate of stocking has to be carefully looked on to stay safe from overstocking however much open improved pasture is not necessary. For those areas where the markets are far away, this method is a good one.
It is also preferable because for it the farmer has to move small weaners to a barging truck point as it would be a hard work moving a large cattle.
Breeds of beef cattle :
While buying the cattle, one should know its breeds. There are two distinctive types of beef cattle breeds, terminal and maternal breeds. For growth and meat production, the terminal breeds are preferred whereas the maternal breeds are well known for their mothering ability and milk production. While, according to some exceptions, some breeds providing excellent dual purpose skills also exist.
Hence to reach the ultimate goal one should purchase the terminal breeds.
A maternal beef cattle a terminal beef cattle
Beef Cattle : Charolais
In 1946, at U.S. from the Mexico, this breed was introduced. They tend to be large muscled, with cows weighing up to 900 kg and bulls up to 1100 kg. That is why the Charolais beef cattle are known for their high yield and good quality meat.
Providing ease in identification that helps in its sale, their distinctive color is often believed a good benefit for the farmers of such breed. Furthermore, their capability to thrive in an exceptionally sweltering summer or harsh winter is a great advantage.
If farmers are not accordingly prepared, the high level feed requirement of Charolais can also drain their resources.
They are distributed worldwide and are the second most common beef cattle breed in France. As reported, Charolais is the world breed. Their estimated population over the world is about 730,000.
Including the Angus and the Hereford cattle, they can be crossed with other breeds also. As reported by the farmers, it is the leading terminal animal.
The feeding necessities :
According to the age and stage of production the requirements of beef cattle varies. Discussing the beef cattle nutrition, calves require a bigger level of nutrition to support them for their growth, whereas approximately a lower level of nutrition is needed by mature dry cows.
The feed necessities also vary depending on weather conditions i.e. in a cold weather and cold rains, it increases.
The production cycle :
In the beef cattle production, there are 4 phases for yearly production of a beef cow:
After calving, postpartum occurs for 80-90 days. Greatest of the nutrition is demanded in this period by a cow. A delay in rebreeding and weight loss would occur if nutrition is not fed up to their need.
Lactating and Pregnant :
It may take 120-130 days. The energy requirements in this period falls about 13% however, the nutritional need is still high. As compared to the postpartum period, the protein needs decreases about 8%. Usually, cows tend to lose weight in this period.
Instantly after the weaning, gestation takes place for about 100-110 days. Due to the ceased lactation, the nutritional requirements tend to be at their lowest. Protein and energy requirements are less than 23% and 36% respectively than the previous period. For the thin cows, this is the best time to put weight back on them.
Immediately before calving, the pre-calving period occurs for 50-60 days. This period is meant to be the most critical one of the year. Comparing to gestation, the energy and protein requirements decrease by 20% or more. 1-1.25 lbs per day is necessary for the cows to gain, while the young cows and heifers are required to gain 2-2.5 lbs per day.
Vaccinating the beef cattle :
The essential part of disease prevention in an animal health is the vaccinations. To control the diseases, the best management practices should be combined with vaccinations.
A vaccination schedule for your beef cattle is a necessity which should be developed to maintain their health.
Contact your beef cattle advisor, stock inspector or veterinarian before beginning a vaccination program for your cattle to get up-to-date advice.
Following are the additionally included tips to follow as to get involved in beef cattle management practices for getting maximum return:
- Closely and frequently observe your cattle.
- Use the implants and ionophores when appropriate as they are the proven great investments.
- Punctually treat the cattle diseases and injuries.
- Make sure to control the flies, parasites and deworm the cattle.
- Identify and separate the poisonous plants to the cattle.
- Create forage supply and demand budget to which accordingly adjust the stocking rates and forage production.
- Get liability insurance for your farm.
- Safety should be a top priority above everything in the farm.
- The fences of your farm should be maintained often.
- Check the quality of the selected hay and supplement accordingly.
- Remove the horns of the feeder calves as it may lead to injuries and bruises.
- Note your farm finances to record the expenses and income and to get help in the making of budget.
- Instead of buying sackful feed, buy the truckload feed.
- Be quick to adopt change. Change your management and marketing strategies and practices according to the time.
- Knowledge is being developed every time. Therefore, keep learning about your cattle business, don’t stop.
- To avoid fines, charges and interest, pay the bills timely.
- Develop good relationship businesses by networking, which can cause a big difference in your profitability.
- Create a good feeding management to avoid grain, silage or other nutritional overload.
- Blindly selecting fertilizers can be way too expensive therefore, target you nutrient applications and test your soil.
- In the best things to your operations, one can also invest in decent cattle handling facilities.
- Considering a lecture, focusing on the improvement of grassland and the management of soil would make the farmers more efficient.